The 'Kara' design was the first new, large Soviet surface warship in many years, and was evidently intended to boost blue-water ASW capabilities. Although often grouped with cruisers, these ships are destroyers by role. The Kara-class was a further development of the the Kresta-II design, with gas-turbines replacing the steam plants of the previous classes, resulting in major modifications to the layout of the midships section. Although larger than the Kresta-II cruiser and with significant anti-air and anti-submarine capabilities, these ships are classified as destroyers rather than cruisers by the Russian Navy. In total on Project 1134B 7 ships were constructed, 4 of which served on the Black Sea fleet.
Large ASW Destroyer "Ochakov": laid down 19.12.1969 at a factory of a name 61 Kommunara in Nikolayev and 25.12.1969 is enlisted in the lists of the ships of the Naval Fleet. Launched 30.04.1971, commissioned 04.11.1973 . and 28.11.1973 is switched on in structure of the Black Sea fleet.
Repeatedly participated in the various ocean and sea doctrines, battle services in the Mediterranean sea. Was in structure 30-th brigade of the surface ships of the Black Sea fleet. The ship has made 9 battle campaigns, “Ocean - 75”, “Crimea - 76” participated in the doctrines. In 1986 "Ochakov" was announced by the best ship of Soviet Naval Fleet.
14.06 - 19.06.1978 - visit to Latania (Syria);
13.04 - 18.04.1979 - in Rieka (Yugoslavia);
11.06 - 16.06.1979 - in Toulon (France);
10.08 - 13.08.1979 - in Varna (Bulgaria);
20.10 - 24.10.1986 - in Havana (Cuba);
26.03 - 31.03.1987 - in Istanbul (Turkey);
26.10 - 30.10.1987 - in Split (Yugoslavia);
24.08 - 28.04.1989 - in Constance (Romania);
08.05 - 12.05.1990 - in Split (Yugoslavia);
11.06 - 14.06.1990 - in Tarano (Italy).
In the period since 26.03.1980 for 18.07.1984 has repair in Sevastopol. At the end of 80-th years the factory repair of the ship began, however in connection with disintegration USSR he was not finished. The fire in 1993 on his board considerably has complicated "Ochakov" technical condition.
Now ship is under repair at the Sevastopol sea factory. According to available by the data, the ship (after end of repair and modernization) is planned to input in Black Sea fleet in 2004-2005 years.
| Specifications |
|Builder: ||61 Kommunara SY 445, Nikolayev, Ukraine |
|Year: ||1973 |
|Displacement: ||8,825 tons full load |
|Speed: ||30 knots |
|Dimensions: ||173.4 x 18.5 x 6.4 meters/568.9 x 60.7 x 21 feet |
|Propulsion: ||COGAG: 3 M-62/GTZA cruise gas turbines, 12,000 shp, 18 knots; 4 M8E/GTU-12A boost gas turbines, 80,000 shp; 2 shafts, 92,000 shp, 30 knots |
|Crew: ||400 |
|Missiles: || 2 x B-92 twin arm launcher for Shtorm / SA-N-3 SAM (72 rounds) |
2 x twin arm launchers for Osa-M / SA-N-4 SAM (40 rounds)
2 x 4 KT-100M launchers for RP33 Metel / SS-N-14 AS missile (16 rounds)
|Guns: ||2 x 2 76mm AK-726 guns in twin turrets (4800 rounds) |
4 x 6 30 mm AK-630 CIWS (8000 rounds)
|Aviation: ||Aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 Ka-25/26/27 series helicopter |
|Ect. armament: ||2 RBU-6000 AS mortars (144 rounds) |
2 RBU-1000 AS mortars (60 rounds)
2 x 5 21" PTA-53-1134 torpedo tubes in quintuple mountings